What Is Macular Degeneration?

Macular degeneration is a disease that affects the retina at the back of the eyes. The “macula” is a region at the center of the retina that is critical for seeing objects directly in front of you. This area of the eye can become damaged, usually through the process of normal aging. There are two types of age-related macular degeneration, the wet form, and the dry form. The dry form is the most common type, in which the macula becomes thinner over the years and form clumps of protein. The wet form of macular degeneration is more serious because new blood vessels grow under the retina and may leak blood and other fluids, which can produce scarring. Vision problems occur more quickly with the wet form of macular degeneration.

Who Develops Macular Degeneration

Although macular degeneration is associated with normal aging, there appears to be a genetic component to the disease, which often runs in families. In addition, AMD also appears to be more common in individuals with light eye colors, those who are obese and those who smoke. High blood pressure can also play a part in developing AMD. Macular degeneration can also be caused by taking certain medications.

Symptoms of Macular Degeneration

Individuals may be unaware of the development of macular degeneration. It is a painless disease that has a progressive effect on vision. Eventually, the individual may experience sudden vision loss, blurriness or shadowy areas in the central field of your vision. Your eye doctor can do an exam for macular degeneration during annual visits. A number of tests using grid designs to detect abnormal vision fields can help to diagnose AMD.

Treatment of Macular Degeneration

Currently, there is no cure for the dry form of AMD. Studies suggest that a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids can help to reduce the risk of developing AMD. Supplements such as lutein and zeaxanthin can also help to prevent age-related macular degeneration. Medications are available for the wet form of AMD. These drugs are often used with photodynamic therapy to prevent abnormal blood vessel growth.

Eyes First Vision Center Can Provide Treatment For Macular Degeneration

The optometrists at Eyes First Vision Center can provide treatment for age-related macular degeneration and other ocular diseases, such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and other problems.

Call Eyes First Vision Center For All Your Optometry Needs

The optometrists and staff at Eyes First Vision Center work hard to give superior attention to each patient’s individual eye care needs. We offer a variety of eye care services to our patients, including eye exams, eyeglass fitting, computer and sports glasses, contact lens fitting, ocular disease treatment, LASIK consultation, treatment of dry eye syndrome and pediatric care. We provide ten locations for the convenience of our patients, in Bricktown, Eatontown, Hazlet, Manahawkin, Manchester, Matawan, Middletown, Red Bank, Sea Girt and Toms River. Contact Eyes First Vision Center today at 866-393-7347 for an appointment to discuss the best ways to ensure your eye health.