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Glaucoma FAQs answered by Your Eyes First Vision Center Optometrist

glaucoma test

Glaucoma is an eye disease involving high intraocular pressure that eventually damages the optic nerve, the only nerve that sends light signals from the retina to the brain. Without treatment, glaucoma results in partial or complete vision loss. In addition, you won't know you have glaucoma unless you get an eye exam. Symptoms of glaucoma are not noticeable until the disease has advanced and is affecting your eyesight. Eyes First Vision Center urges everybody to make an appointment every year with their eye doctor for comprehensive eye care and glaucoma testing. We have multiple convenient locations in Bricktown, Eatontown, Hazlet, Manahawkin, Manchester/ Lakehurst, Matawan/ Old Bridge, Middletown, Red Bank, Sea Girt Mall, and Toms River.

What is Open-angle Glaucoma?

Open-angle Glaucoma is the most commonly diagnosed form of glaucoma, developing slowly over ten, sometimes 20, years. Clouding and blurring of your peripheral vision, followed by loss of your central vision field, are the first signs of open-angle glaucoma.

What is Closed-angle Glaucoma?

Less than 10 percent of glaucoma diagnoses are cases of closed-angle glaucoma. Developing more rapidly than open-angle glaucoma, closed-angle glaucoma causes symptoms such as eye pain, eye redness, blurry vision, nausea and dilated pupils. Abnormal blood vessel growth in the eye causes close-angle glaucoma as these weak vessels burst and leak blood into the eye.

Who is at Risk for Glaucoma?

Glaucoma appears to have a genetic component. If you have parents, grandparents or siblings with glaucoma, your risk increases. Being obese and having migraines or hypertension may also make your prone to glaucoma. If your optometrist finds your eye pressure elevated but not enough to be diagnosed with glaucoma, you may or may not develop glaucoma. Regular eye exams are essential for detecting glaucoma in its early stage so that treatment can begin as soon as possible.

What Kind of Glaucoma Treatments are Available?

Treating early to middle stage open-angle glaucoma with eye drops to reduce intraocular pressure is standard practice.  Laser treatments meant to promote fluid flow out of the eye and decrease pressure are used if eye drops fail to stabilize eye pressure. Surgery to widen eye ducts may be necessary for people with late-stage glaucoma. Closed-angle glaucoma treatment consists of laser-based sealing or eradication of abnormal blood vessels in the eye to stop leakage.

What is Secondary Glaucoma?

People with secondary glaucoma have elevated eye pressure due to steroid use, diabetic retinopathy, ocular trauma or central retinal vein occlusion. Treatment for secondary glaucoma involves managing the underlying cause of increased pressure in the eye.

Schedule an Appointment with Your Manchester Chiropractor

To schedule an appointment at Eyes First Vision Center, call 866-393-7347 today. We have multiple locations across New Jersey. Visit our optometrists at one of our following convenient locations: Bricktown, Eatontown, Hazlet, Manahawkin, Manchester/ Lakehurst, Matawan/ Old Bridge, Middletown, Red Bank, Sea Girt Mall, and Toms River.